The Northern Lights: Plasma in action
At first, many of us are surprised to learn about the ‘fourth state’ of matter; Plasma.
Plasma can be described as ionized gas, and makes up 99% of all matter in the Universe. It is an excellent conductor of electricity. Considering that electro-magnetic forces are many orders of magnitude stronger than Newton’s gravitational force, perhaps it is high time to ask,
“Could gravity be totally inadequate to explain the beautiful galaxies and superclusters we see in the sky?”
Put simply & emphatically, the answer is “YES”
We already know that the puny force of gravity can’t hold galaxies together or account for galaxy cluster formation. That’s why they invented “dark matter.”
In observations of a nearby cluster of galaxies named the Coma cluster, Swiss astronomer Fritz Zwicky calculated that the collective mass of the galaxies was not nearly enough to hold them together in their orbits.
Later, in the 1970’s and ’80’s, Vera Rubin similarly found that the arms of spiral galaxies should fly off their cores as they are orbiting much too quickly.
‘Dark matter’ is nothing more than a cosmological fudge factor, invented to patch up a gaping hole in gravitation-centric theory, by postulating an unobserved and untestable entity and liberally sprinkling it everywhere that gravitational math doesn’t add up.
A better answer is Anthony Peratt’s PIC (Particle-in-Cell) simulation which takes naked electrical forces (10^36 times more powerful than gravity) as a starting point and matches morphology and quite probably rotation curves as well. No new physics or untested hypothetical entities are required.
Anthony L Peratt’s Simulation of two interacting Birkeland currents
Plasma clouds trapped in parallel magnetic filaments simulate evolving galaxy formations, without the need for dark matter, dark energy or black holes.
In the wake of recent discoveries, a new way of seeing the physical universe is emerging. The new vantage point emphasizes the role of electricity in space and shows the negligible contribution of gravity in cosmic events.
Images returned by high-powered telescopes and recent space probes have challenged astronomers’ long-standing assumptions about galaxies and their constituent stars, about the evolution of our solar system, and about the nature and history of Earth.
The DNA Nebula: A twisting pair of Birkeland Currents clearly visible.
The Cygnus Filament: Plasma in Birkeland Current.
Saturnine Aurora: Saturn’s auroras “defy” scientists’ expectations.
The focus on the electrical nature of our Universe is a massive step in the right direction.
In science today, the “generally accepted conclusions” are routinely presented as inarguable “facts”. From the Big Bang, to the evolution of planets, from the nature of comets, to highly speculative and hidden phenomena such as black holes, dark matter, and dark energy, the big cosmological picture is presented with such confidence that the Media in this country have almost never questioned it. But the picture may be much less clear than we have been led to believe. Far removed from the spotlight of scientific media, critics have suggested that a single, fundamental error has infected the theoretical sciences.
This error is the notion that the Universe is electrically neutral – that electricity does not “do anything” in space. It is a perverse stance given the overwhelming importance of electricity in our lives.
The most dramatic recent discoveries have consistently challenged the interpretations of conventional theorists on this point. At the same time, these discoveries have fostered considerable interest in an alternative hypothesis – the Electric Universe.
Yin Yang: The Universal Symbol of Self-Similarity and the Mechanics of Creation.
“A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it.”
Max Planck: German Theoretical Physicist
Bring on that new generation.